AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF COVID-19 IN NUNUKAN DISTRICT
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2. This virus was firstly detected in late December 2019 in Wuhan, Tiongkok. In Indonesia, there have been confirmed cases of Covid-19 since March 2, 2020. Nunukan District, one out of five North Borneo Provinces, identified the first COVID-19 case on April 2, 2020. Nunukan is specially designated for transit zone as well as provides access to Indonesian Migrant Workers. In addition, known also as a trade and service area, Nunukan has a strategic location which connects both Middle and East regions. Its strategic location is dependent on the distance and in-and-out access to the border area. It can be reached within a short period of time and is accessible. The purpose of this study is to find epidemiological characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in Nunukan District based on their age, sex, domicile, COVID-19 positive case spread, and timeline. This descriptive study applied retrospective approach. The data were COVID-19 press release cases accessed from the Nunukan Government District official website. Purposive sampling method was applied to select the samples based on the set of criteria.The findings revealed that the largest group consisted of 87 patients (29.3%) aged 21 to 30 years old and the average was 35.02 ± 13.81 years old. The age interval was between 1 and 77. Most patients were males (67.3%). One hundred forty six patients (49.7%) were domiciled in Nunukan District. The spread of COVID-19 cases was highly caused by local transmission, i.e. 161 cases (54.8%). The highest increase of coronavirus case was reported in December 2020 with 240 cases (81.6%).
Keywords: Epidemiology, COVID-19, Nunukan District
Dinkes Bali. (2021, Februari 22). Info Kesehatan : Perkembangan Penyebaran virus Corona. Retrieved Februari 22, 2021, from Info Kesehatan : Perkembangan Penyebaran Virus Corona: https://www.diskes.baliprov.go.id/portfolio/perkembangan-penyebaranvirus-corona/
Paramita, S., Isnuwardana, R., Rahmadi, A., Rafshodia, O., & Kusasih, I. (2020). Epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 patients in Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. MedRxiv, June. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.07.10.20151175
PDPI. (2020). Penyakit Virus Corona 2019. Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia, 119-129.
PDPI. (2020). PNEUMONIA COVID-19 DIAGNOSIS DAN PENATALAKSANA DI INDONESIA. Jakarta: Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia.
Sari, R. K. (2021). Identifikasi Penyebab Ketidakpatuhan Warga Terhadap Penerapan Protokol Kesehatan 3M Di Masa Pandemi COVID-19. JURNAL AKRAB JUARA, 84-94.
Sarvasti, D. (2020). Pengaruh Gender Dan Manifestasi Kardiovaskular Pada COVID-19. Indonesian Journal of Cardiology, 126-132.
Satgas Covid-19. (2020, Desember 3). Kepatuhan Masyarakat Terhadap Protokol Kesehatan Harus di Tingkatkan. Retrieved Desember 3, 2020, from Kepatuhan Masyarakat Terhadap Protokol Kesehatan Harus di Tingkatkan: https://covid19.go.id/p/berita/kepatuhan-masyarakat-terhadap-protokol kesehatan-harus-ditingkatkanKementerian Kesehatan RI. (2020). COVID-19. Infeksi Imerging. https://infeksiemerging.kemkes.go.id/dashboard/covid-19
Satuan Tugas Penanganan Covid 19 Indonesia. (2020, Agustus 30). Retrieved Agustus 30, 2020, from https://covid19.go.id/peta-sebaran
Satuan Tugas Penanganan Covid 19 Kabupaten Nunukan. (2020, November 30). Retrieved November 30, 2020, from https://ppid.nunukankab.go.id
World Health Organization. (2020). WHO Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) Dashboard. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
Yanti, E., Fridalni, N., & Harmawati. (2020). Mencegah Penularan Virus Corona. Journal Abdimas Saintika, 2, 7. https://jurnal.syedzasaintika.ac.id/index.php/abdimas/article/view/553/pdf
Yuliana. (2020). Corona Virus Diseases (Covid-19) . Wellness and Healthy Magazine, 188-192.
Zheng, Z., Peng, F., Xu, B., Zhao, J., Liu, H., Peng, J., ... & Tang, W. (2020). Risk factors of critical & mortal COVID-19 cases: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Journal of Infection, 81(2), e16–e25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinf.2020.04.021