HUBUNGAN PARITAS, IMT, USIA MENARCHE, HIPERTENSI, DAN RIWAYAT KELUARGA DENGAN KEJADIAN MIOMA UTERI DI RSUD ABDUL WAHAB SJAHRANIE SAMARINDA

  • Syaidah Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman
  • Novia Laboratorium Ilmu Kebidanan dan Penyakit Kandungan, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman
  • Hary Laboratorium Ilmu Anatomi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman
  • Agustina Laboratorium Ilmu Fisiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman
  • Endang Laboratorium Ilmu Fisiologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman
Keywords: Uterine Myomas;, Risk Factor;, Parity;, Age at Menarche;, Hypertension;

Abstract

Uterine myomas, which are also called fibroids or uterine leiomyomas, are the most common benign pelvic tumors in women of reproductive age and their incidence increases every year. Uterine myomas usually have no clinical symptoms, but symptoms can be found, such as abnormal bleeding, pain, urinary disorders, or infertility. This study aims to determine the relationship between parity, BMI, age at menarche, hypertension, and family history with the incidence of uterine myoma at Abdul Wahab Sjahranie Hospital Samarinda. This research design was observational analytic with case control method. Data obtained from the medical records of patients at Abdul Wahab Sjahranie Hospital Samarinda for the period January-December 2019 with a purposive sampling technique, obtained 48 cases and 48 controls. The bivariate analysis used the Chi-Square test and Fisher's exact test. The results showed cases:control, parity nulliparous 14:5 and non nulliparous 34:43 with p=0.039 and OR=3.541, BMI ≤25.0 19:18 and >25.0 29:30 with p=0.834, age at menarche <11 years 3:1 and ≥11 years 45:47 with p=0.617, there is hypertension 15:6 and no hypertension 33:42 with p=0.047 and OR=3.182, there is a family history 2:0 and no family history 46:48 with p=0.495. It is concluded that there is a significant relationship between parity and hypertension with the incidence of uterine myomas and there is no relationship between BMI, age at menarche, and family history with the incidence of uterine myomas.

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Published
2021-06-29
Section
Articles
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