THE ASSOCIATION OF GENDER AND BIG FIVE PERSONALITIY TRAITS TOWARD MENTAL ILLNESS STIGMA AMONG THE STUDENTS OF FACULTY OF MEDICINE MULAWARMAN UNIVERSITY

  • Larry Hutahaean Mulawarman University
  • Yenny Abdullah Rifani Laboratorium Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Mulawarman
  • Vera Madonna Lumban Toruan Laboratorium Ilmu Kesehatan Kulit dan Kelamin, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Mulawarman
Keywords: Big five personality;, Gender;, Mental Illness Stigma;

Abstract

Mental illness stigma is one of the main obstacles for the treatment on people with mental illness and it can aggravate their illness. Stigma does not only belong among the laity but also health workers and medical students who are dealing with the patients with mental illness. Therefore, the convenient predictors are needed to predict the mental illness stigma level in someone, for example, the gender and big five personality. It leads this research to find out the association of gender and big five personality traits toward mental illness stigma among the students of Faculty of Medicine Mulawarman University, Samarinda. This study used the analytical design with cross-sectional approach. The instruments used were the PMHSS questionnaire to measure the stigma of mental illness and the IPIP-BFM-25 to assess the five dimensions of big five personality consisting of: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. The results indicate a significant difference of stigma between two genders, where the female have a lower stigma rather than male (p = 0.000). Openness to experience (p = 0.011) and agreeableness (p = 0.003) have been found to have a negative association with stigma, while conscientiousness (p = 0.178), extraversion (p = 0.202), and neuroticism (p = 0.011) had no association with stigma. Future studies are needed to explore the other variables that can affect the mental illness stigma.

References

Akhtar, H. & Azwar, S. (2018). Development and Validation of a Short Scale for Measuring Big Five Personality Trait: The IPIP-BFM-25 Indonesia. Journal of Innovation in Psychology, Education and Didactics. 22(2), 167-174
Bhatti, Muhammad & Battour, Mohamed & Ismail, Ahmed & Pandiyan, K.s. (2014). Effects of personality traits (big five) on expatriates adjustment and job performance. Equality. 33. 10.1108/EDI-01-2013-0001.
Fitri, Rachella. (2019). Literasi Kesehatan Mental Pada Mahasiswa. Jurusan Psikologi, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta. diakses pada tanggal 27
Januari 2021, https://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/pri/article/ download/28429/14202
Holzinger, A., Floris, F., Schomerus, G., Carta, M., dan Angermeyer, M. (2012). Gender differences in public beliefs and attitudes about mental disorder in western countries: A systematic review of population studies. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 21, 73–85.
James, Jessica Shanna. (2015). "Personality, Character Strengths, Empathy, Familiarity and the Stigmatization of Mental Illness". Master's Theses. 87,https://aquila.usm.edu/masters_theses/87
Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2018). Riset Kesehatan Dasar; RISKESDAS. Jakarta: Balitbang Kemenkes RI
Magliano, Lorenza & Fiorillo, Andrea & Rosa, Corrado & Malangone, Claudio & Maj, Mario. (2004). Beliefs About Schizophrenia in Italy: A Comparative Nationwide Survey of the General Public, Mental Health Professionals, and Patients' Relatives. Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie. 49. 322-30. 10.1177/070674370404900508.
Mestdagh, Annelien & Hansen, Bart. (2013). Stigma in Patients with Schizophrenia Receiving Community Mental Health Care: A Review of Qualitative Studies. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 49. 10.1007/s00127-013-0729-4.
Rohtman dan Coetzer. (2003). The Big Five Personality Dimension and Job Performance. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology vol. 29.
Stenner, Karen. (2009). Three Kinds of “Conservatism”. Psychological Inquiry. 20. 142-159. 10.1080/10478400903028615.
Widyana, Nikmah Dwi. (2019). Hubungan antara Literasi Kesehatan Mental dengan Mental Illness Stigma pada Mahasiswa Keperawatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya. diakses pada tanggal 27 Januari 2021, http://digilib.uinsby.ac.id/35298/
Yuan, Qi & Seow, Lee Seng Esmond & Abdin, Edimansyah & Chua, Boon & Ong, Hui Lin & Samari, Ellaisha & Chong, Siow & Subramaniam, Mythily. (2018). Direct and moderating effects of personality on stigma towards mental illness. BMC Psychiatry. 18. 10.1186/s12888-018-1932-3.
Published
2021-10-05
Section
Articles
Abstract = 46 times
PDF downloaded = 20 times