AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF COVID-19 IN NUNUKAN DISTRICT

  • Nur Aznizah Niza Universitas Mulawarman
  • Swandari Laboratorium Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman
  • Sjarif Laboratorium Farmakologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman
Keywords: Epidemiology;, COVID-19;, Nunukan District;

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2. This virus was firstly detected in late December 2019 in Wuhan, Tiongkok. In Indonesia, there have been confirmed cases of Covid-19 since March 2, 2020. Nunukan District, one out of five North Borneo Provinces, identified the first COVID-19 case on April 2, 2020. Nunukan is specially designated for transit zone as well as provides access to Indonesian Migrant Workers. In addition, known also as a trade and service area, Nunukan has a strategic location which connects both Middle and East regions. Its strategic location is dependent on the distance and in-and-out access to the border area. It can be reached within a short period of time and is accessible. The purpose of this study is to find epidemiological characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in Nunukan District based on their age, sex, domicile, COVID-19 positive case spread, and timeline. This descriptive study applied retrospective approach. The data were COVID-19 press release cases accessed from the Nunukan Government District official website. Purposive sampling method was applied to select the samples based on the set of criteria.The findings revealed that the largest group consisted of 87 patients (29.3%) aged 21 to 30 years old and the average was 35.02 ± 13.81 years old. The age interval was between 1 and 77. Most patients were males (67.3%). One hundred forty six patients (49.7%) were domiciled in Nunukan District. The spread of COVID-19 cases was highly caused by local transmission, i.e. 161 cases (54.8%). The highest increase of coronavirus case was reported in December 2020 with 240 cases (81.6%).

 

Keywords: Epidemiology, COVID-19, Nunukan District

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Published
2021-10-05
Section
Articles
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