KARAKTERISTIK PENDERITA ASMA PADA ANAK DI RUANG RAWAT INAP RSUD ABDUL WAHAB SJAHRANIE SAMARINDA PADA TAHUN 2018-2020

  • Nanda Akmal Zulfikri Universitas Mulawarman
  • Sukartini
  • Abdul Mu`ti
Keywords: Childhood asthma, asthma exacerbation severity, Atopy, Asthma triggers

Abstract

Asthma is a disease that becomes global serious problems affecting all age, including children. The prevalence of asthma in children keeps proliferating from year to year. This research aims to investigate the characteristics of pediatric inpatients with asthma in inpatient ward at RSUD (Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah – Regional Public Hospital) Abdul Wahab Sjahranie Samarinda from 2018 to 2020. This research used descriptive observational method with “total sampling” as its sampling method. The sampling used secondary data from medical records of the pediatric inpatients from 2018 to 2020. 49 pediatric inpatients with dominant characteristics were selected as samples with details as follows: 25 samples (51%) were in the age group of 2-5 years old, 30 samples (61.2%) were male, 35 samples (71.4%) suffered from moderate asthma exacerbation level, 27 samples (55.1%) did not have history of atopy, and 45 samples (91.8%) had upper respiratory tract infection as a precipitating factor that causes asthma. Thus, it can be concluded that the characteristics of pediatric inpatients with asthma at RSUD Abdul Wahab Sjahranie from 2018 to 2020 are mostly in the age group of 2-5 years old, male, with moderate asthma exacerbation level, without history of atopy, and the asthma exacerbations are mostly precipitated by upper respiratory tract infection.

References

1. Abe, N., Yasudo, H., Fukano, R., Nakamura, T., Okada, S., Wakiguchi, H., . . . Hasegawa, S. (2019). Multi-season analyses of causative pathogens in children hospitalized with asthma exacerbation. Wiley Online Library Journal.
2. Akib, A. A. (2002). Asma pada Anak. Sari Pediatri, 78-82.
3. Almqvist, C., Worm, M., & B., L. (2007). Impact of gender on asthma in childhood and adolescence: a GA2LEN review. European Journal of Allergy.
4. American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology (AAAI). (2021). Atopic March Defined. Diunduh dari https://www.aaaai.org/Tools-for-the-Public/Allergy,-Asthma-Immunology-Glossary/Atopic-March-Defined pada tangal 29 Mei 2021
5. Arruda, L. K., Solé, D., Baena-Cagnani, C. E., & Naspitz, C. K. (2005). Risk factors for asthma and atopy. Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
6. Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial (BPJS). (2016). Panduan Tatalaksana 20 Kasus Non Spesialistik di Fasilitas Kesehatan Tingkat Pertama. Jakarta: Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial.
7. Bemt, L. v., Kooijman, S., Linssen, V., Lucassen, P., Muris, J., Slabbers, G., & Schermer, T. (2010). How does asthma influence the daily life of children? Results of focus group interviews. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes.
8. Busse, W. W., Jr, R. F., & Gern, J. E. (2010). Role of viral respiratory infections in asthma and asthma exacerbations. The Lancet.
9. Dharmage, S. C., Perret, J. L., & Custovic, A. (2019). Epidemiology of Asthma in Children and Adults. Frontiers in Pediatrics.
10. Global Asthma Network. (2018). The Global Asthma Report 2018. New Zealand: Global Asthma Network.
11. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). 2020. Pocket Guide for Asthma Management and Prevention (for Adults and Children Older than 5 Years).
12. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). 2020. Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention.
13. Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). 2020. Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention (2020 update).
14. Hari, A. E., Roni, N., & Agung, W. T. (2010). Paparan Asap dalam Rumah, Hewan Peliharaan, Lingkungan Tempat Tinggal dan Sosial Ekonomi dengan Kejadian Asma Bronkial pada Anak. Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat.
15. Hill, D. A., & Spergel, J. M. (2018). The Atopic March: Critical Evidence and Clinical Relevance. Department of Health & Human Services USA.
16. Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia. (2010). Buku Ajar Respirologi Anak Edisi Pertama. Jakarta: Badan Penerbit IDAI
17. Ikatan Dokter Anak Indonesia. (2016). Pedoman Nasional Asma Anak Edisi ke-2. Jakarta: UKK Respirologi PP IDAI.
18. Jackson, D. J., & Lemanske, R. F. (2010). The Role of Respiratory Virus Infections in Childhood Asthma Inception. Virus Infections in Childhood Asthma Inception.
19. Janssens, T., & Ritz, T. (2013). Perceived Triggers of Asthma: Key to Symptom Perception and Management. National Institutes of Health.
20. Kemenkes RI. (2008). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2007. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan.
21. Kemenkes RI (2019). Infodatin Penderita Asma di Indonesia. Jakarta Selatan: Kementerian Kesehatan RI Pusat Data dan Informasi.
22. Kemenkes RI. (2018). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2018. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan.
23. Kemenkes RI. (2019). Laporan Provinsi Kalimantan Timur RISKESDAS 2018. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan.
24. Kliegman, R., Geme, J. S., Blum, N. J., Shah, S. S., Tasker, R. C., Wilson, K. M., & Behrman, R. E. (2020). Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics 21st Edition. Philadelphia: Elsevier.
25. Kresnayasa, M. M., Sidiartha, I. G., & Wati, D. K. (2021). Karakteristik Asma pada Anak di Puskesmas I Denpasar Timur Tahun 2019-2021. Jurnal Medika Udayana.
26. Kuti, B. P., & Omole, K. O. (2017). Epidemiology, triggers, and severity of childhood asthma in Ilesa, Nigeria: Implications for management and control. Nigerian Medical Journal.
27. Laisina, A. H., Takumansang-Sondakh, D., & Wantania, J. M. (2007). Faktor Risiko Kejadian Asma pada Anak Sekolah Dasar di Kecamatan Wenang Kota Manado. Sari Pediatri, 299-304.
28. Lim, R. H., Kobzik, L., & Dahl, M. (2010). Risk for Asthma in Offspring of Asthmatic Mothers versus Fathers: A Meta-Analysis. PLoS ONE.
29. Marcdante, K.J., & Kliegman, R. M. (2019). Nelson Essentials of Pediatrics Eighth Edition. Philadelphia: Elsevier
30. Murugaiya, M. A. (2017). Karakteristik Anak yang Menderita Asma di Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Haji Adam Malik Medan Tahun 2014-2016. Universitas Sumatera Utara.
31. P, Jayasree. (2019). Growth Pattern of School Going Children with Asthma: A Case Control Study. Asian Journal of Clinical Pediatrics and Neonatology.
32. Postma, D. S. (2007). Gender Differences in Asthma Development and Progression. Gender Medicine.
33. Runtuwene, I. K., Wahani, A. M., & Pateda, V. (2016). Prevalensi dan Faktor-Faktor Risiko yang Menyebabkan Asma pada Anak di RSU GMIM Bethesda Tomohon periode Agustus 2011 - Juli 2016. Jurnal e-Clinic (eCl).
34. Siregar, S. P. (2000). Faktor Atopi dan Asma Bronkial pada Anak. Sari Pediatri, 23-28.
35. Thomsen, S. F. (2015). Genetics of asthma: an introduction for the clinician. European Clinical Respiratory Journal.
36. Trivedi, M., & Denton, E. (2019). Asthma in Children and Adults - What Are the Differences and What Can They Tell us About Asthma. Frontiers in Pediatrics.
37. Valerio, M. A., Andreski, P. M., Schoeni, R. F., & McGonagle, K. A. (2010). Examining the Association between Childhood Asthma and Parent and Grandparent Asthma Status: Implications for Practice. National Institutes of Health, 535-541.
38. Weiss, S. T., Horner, A., Shapiro, G., & Sternberg, A. L. (2001). The prevalence of environmental exposure to perceived asthma triggers in children with mild-to-moderate asthma: Data from the Childhood Asthma Management Program (CAMP). Journal Allergy Clinical Immunology.
39. WHO. (2021, May 3). Asthma. Diunduh pada tanggal 28 May 2021 dari World HealthOrganization https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/asthma
40. Winta, Fransiska, & Nova. (2020). Faktor-Faktor Yang Berpengaruh Terhadap Kejadian Asma Bronkial Pada Anak di Puskesmas Saitnihuta Kabupaten Humbanghasundutan. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Health Research.
41. Zhang, J., Dai, J., Yan, L., Fu, W., Yi, J., Chen, Y., . . . Wang, Q. (2016). Air Pollutants, Climate, and the Prevalence of Pediatric Asthma in Urban Areas of China. Hindawi.
Published
2022-10-28
Section
Articles
Abstract = 28 times
PDF downloaded = 31 times