• Aulia Aisyah Sudrajat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman Samarinda
  • Nur Khoma Fatmawati Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman Samarinda
  • Ronny Isnuwardana Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman Samarinda
  • Hary Nugroho Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman Samarinda
Keywords: Phaco Time, Central Corneal Thickness, Phacoemulsification, Diabetes Mellitus


Corneal endothelium is the structure in the anterior segment of the eye that gets the most impact from the phacoemulsification of cataract. Corneal endothelial dysfunction cause an increase in central corneal thickness (CCT). Several factors that can affect CCT after phacoemulsification are phaco time and history of diabetes mellitus (DM). Phaco time or effective [elapsed] phacoemulsification time (EPT) is the total time at 100% phaco power, measured in seconds. This research aims to investigate the correlation between phaco time and post phacoemulsification CCT in cataract patients with diabetes mellitus. This research was analytical observational research using prospective cohort study design. 160 samples were selected which consisted of 34 cataract patients with DM and 131 cataract patients without DM. The Spearman test was used to analyze the correlation between phaco time and post phacoemulsification CCT. The p-value < 0.05 indicates that there is a significant correlation between the variables. The results of this research showed that there was no correlation between phaco time and post phacoemulsification CCT both in cataract patients with DM (p=0.959) and without DM (p=0.397).


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